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Evolution of increased phenotypic diversity enhances population performance by reducing sexual harassment in damselflies.

Author:
  • Yuma Takahashi
  • Kotaro Kagawa
  • Erik Svensson
  • Masakado Kawata
Publishing year: 2014
Language: English
Publication/Series: Nature Communications
Volume: 5
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group

Abstract english

The effect of evolutionary changes in traits and phenotypic/genetic diversity on ecological dynamics has received much theoretical attention; however, the mechanisms and ecological consequences are usually unknown. Female-limited colour polymorphism in damselflies is a counter-adaptation to male mating harassment, and thus, is expected to alter population dynamics through relaxing sexual conflict. Here we show the side effect of the evolution of female morph diversity on population performance (for example, population productivity and sustainability) in damselflies. Our theoretical model incorporating key features of the sexual interaction predicts that the evolution of increased phenotypic diversity will reduce overall fitness costs to females from sexual conflict, which in turn will increase productivity, density and stability of a population. Field data and mesocosm experiments support these model predictions. Our study suggests that increased phenotypic diversity can enhance population performance that can potentially reduce extinction rates and thereby influence macroevolutionary processes.

Keywords

  • Biological Sciences

Other

Published
  • BECC
  • ISSN: 2041-1723
erik_svensson
E-mail: erik.svensson [at] biol.lu.se

Professor

Evolutionary ecology

+46 46 222 38 19

E-B254

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Centre for Animal Movement Research
Evolutionary Ecology, Department of Biology
Ecology building S-223 62 Lund Sweden