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Environmental and climatic determinants of molecular diversity and genetic population structure in a coenagrionid damselfly.

Author:
  • Maren Wellenreuther
  • Rosa Sanchez Guillen
  • Adolfo Cordero-Rivera
  • Erik Svensson
  • Bengt Hansson
Publishing year: 2011
Language: English
Publication/Series: PLoS ONE
Volume: 6
Issue: 5
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Public Library of Science

Abstract english

Identifying environmental factors that structure intraspecific genetic diversity is of interest for both habitat preservation and biodiversity conservation. Recent advances in statistical and geographical genetics make it possible to investigate how environmental factors affect geographic organisation and population structure of molecular genetic diversity within species. Here we present a study on a common and wide ranging insect, the blue tailed damselfly Ischnuraelegans, which has been the target of many ecological and evolutionary studies. We addressed the following questions: (i) Is the population structure affected by longitudinal or latitudinal gradients?; (ii) Do geographic boundaries limit gene flow?; (iii) Does geographic distance affect connectivity and is there a signature of past bottlenecks?; (iv) Is there evidence of a recent range expansion and (vi) what is the effect of geography and climatic factors on population structure? We found low to moderate genetic sub-structuring between populations (mean F(ST) = 0.06, D(est) = 0.12), and an effect of longitude, but not latitude, on genetic diversity. No significant effects of geographic boundaries (e.g. water bodies) were found. F(ST)-and D(est)-values increased with geographic distance; however, there was no evidence for recent bottlenecks. Finally, we did not detect any molecular signatures of range expansions or an effect of geographic suitability, although local precipitation had a strong effect on genetic differentiation. The population structure of this small insect has probably been shaped by ecological factors that are correlated with longitudinal gradients, geographic distances, and local precipitation. The relatively weak global population structure and high degree of genetic variation within populations suggest that I. elegans has high dispersal ability, which is consistent with this species being an effective and early coloniser of new habitats.

Keywords

  • Biological Sciences

Other

Published
  • BECC
  • Colour genes in dragonflies
  • Molecular Ecology and Evolution Lab
  • ISSN: 1932-6203
erik_svensson
E-mail: erik.svensson [at] biol.lu.se

Professor

Evolutionary ecology

+46 46 222 38 19

E-B254

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Centre for Animal Movement Research
Evolutionary Ecology, Department of Biology
Ecology building S-223 62 Lund Sweden