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The benefits of systematic mapping to evidence-based environmental management

Author:
  • Neal R. Haddaway
  • Claes Bernes
  • Bengt Gunnar Jonsson
  • Katarina Hedlund
Publishing year: 2016-09
Language: English
Pages: 613-620
Publication/Series: Ambio
Volume: 45
Issue: 5
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Springer

Abstract english

Reviews of evidence are a vital means of summarising growing bodies of research. Systematic reviews (SRs) aim to reduce bias and increase reliability when summarising high priority and controversial topics. Similar to SRs, systematic maps (SMs) were developed in social sciences to reliably catalogue evidence on a specific subject. Rather than providing answers to specific questions of impacts, SMs aim to produce searchable databases of studies, along with detailed descriptive information. These maps (consisting of a report, a database, and sometimes a geographical information system) can prove highly useful for research, policy and practice communities, by providing assessments of knowledge gaps (subjects requiring additional research), knowledge gluts (subjects where full SR is possible), and patterns across the research literature that promote best practice and direct research resources towards the highest quality research. Here, we introduce SMs in detail using three recent case studies that demonstrate their utility for research and decision-making.

Keywords

  • Environmental Sciences
  • Environmental policy
  • Evidence review
  • Evidence-informed policy
  • Forestry
  • Secondary synthesis
  • Soil carbon

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 0044-7447
Katarina Hedlund
E-mail: katarina.hedlund [at] biol.lu.se

Professor

Biodiversity

+46 46 222 37 98

+46 72 562 10 04

E-A321

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Researcher

Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC)

+46 46 222 37 98

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Centre for Animal Movement Research
Evolutionary Ecology, Department of Biology
Ecology building S-223 62 Lund Sweden