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Food sources of early colonising arthropods: The importance of allochthonous input

Author:
  • Maria Ingimarsdottir
  • Anders Michelsen
  • Jörgen Ripa
  • Katarina Hedlund
Publishing year: 2014
Language: English
Pages: 21-26
Publication/Series: Pedobiologia
Volume: 57
Issue: 1
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

Arthropod predators and detritivores are among the first colonisers on land surfaces undergoing primary succession. In the absence of higher plants and herbivores, they may either have an allochthonous food source (i.e. of geographically distant origin) or local food source that is sustained by e.g. microorganisms. By studying spiders and collembolans on sites along chronosequences on recently emerged nunataks (ice-free land in glacial areas), we analysed whether the food source of early colonisers was of local or distant origin. Also, we measured the potential changes in trophic position with increasing site age. With stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis of both spiders and collembolans, we determined that allochthonous food sources are important on the youngest sites. The allochthonous food sources may explain how arthropods can persist in the absence of local primary productivity. Also, some spider species may increase their ability to survive by shifting their trophic position as the community composition changes. The results indicate that a wolf spider species shifted towards a lower trophic level with increasing site age. By contrast, no shifts in trophic position were observed for sheet-web spiders or collembolans.

Keywords

  • Zoology
  • Ecology
  • Iceland
  • Carbon and nitrogen
  • Isotomidae
  • Linyphiidae
  • Lycosidae
  • Stable isotopes

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1873-1511
Katarina Hedlund
E-mail: katarina.hedlund [at] biol.lu.se

Professor

Biodiversity

+46 46 222 37 98

+46 72 562 10 04

E-A321

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Researcher

Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC)

+46 46 222 37 98

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Centre for Animal Movement Research
Evolutionary Ecology, Department of Biology
Ecology building S-223 62 Lund Sweden