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Land Sparing Versus Land Sharing: Moving Forward

  • Joern Fischer
  • David J. Abson
  • Van Butsic
  • M. Jahi Chappell
  • Johan Ekroos
  • Jan Hanspach
  • Tobias Kuemmerle
  • Henrik Smith
  • Henrik von Wehrden
Publishing year: 2014
Language: English
Pages: 149-157
Publication/Series: Conservation Letters
Volume: 7
Issue: 3
Document type: Journal article review
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

Abstract english

To address the challenges of biodiversity conservation and commodity production, a framework has been proposed that distinguishes between the integration (land sharing) and separation (land sparing) of conservation and production. Controversy has arisen around this framework partly because many scholars have focused specifically on food production rather than more encompassing notions such as land scarcity or food security. Controversy further surrounds the practical value of partial trade-off analyses, the ways in which biodiversity should be quantified, and a series of scale effects that are not readily accounted for. We see key priorities for the future in (1) addressing these issues when using the existing framework, and (2) developing alternative, holistic ways to conceptualise challenges related to food, biodiversity, and land scarcity.


  • Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
  • Ecology
  • Agroecological intensification
  • agroecology
  • food security
  • food
  • sovereignty
  • land scarcity
  • matrix
  • sustainable intensification
  • wildlife-friendly farming


  • BECC
  • ISSN: 1755-263X
Henrik Smith
E-mail: henrik [dot] smith [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se



+46 46 222 93 79

+46 70 978 20 56




Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC)

+46 46 222 93 79

+46 70 978 20 56


Sölvegatan 37, Lund


Centre for Animal Movement Research
Evolutionary Ecology, Department of Biology
Ecology building S-223 62 Lund Sweden