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Historical change and drivers of insect pest abundances in red clover seed production

Author:
  • Ola Lundin
  • Maj Rundlöf
  • Henrik G. Smith
  • Riccardo Bommarco
Publishing year: 2016-10-03
Language: English
Pages: 318-324
Publication/Series: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume: 233
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

Plant-feeding insects reduce yields substantially in all major crops despite considerable crop protection efforts. A lack of long-term monitoring data and insufficient ecological knowledge of pest insects limit our possibilities to characterize drivers of change in their abundances. We demonstrate how a suite of complementary methods and data sources can be used to analyse historical shifts in pest abundance and species composition when continuous monitoring data for pest insects and their natural enemies are lacking. We compared historic and current abundances of seed weevils (Protapion spp.) in red clover fields grown for seed in southernmost Sweden using data from 60 fields 1935–1937 and 53 fields 2008–2011 respectively. We found higher pest abundances in the current data, and parasitism rates provided by wasps appeared to be lower in recent times compared with the 1930s. A separate analysis of 1504 observations of the insect pest species made 1936–2012 and reported into a public database showed that a formerly subdominant seed weevil species, Protapion trifolii L. has now become the dominating pest species, whereas Protapion apricans Hbst. became relatively less common over time. This shift correlated with increased spring temperatures in the study area. Finally, we analysed if the proportion farmland in the surrounding landscape, temperature, precipitation and distance to nearest clover field in the previous year could explain pest abundances 2008–2011. We found that fields with less precipitation that were embedded in landscapes with a high proportion of farmland at the 5 km radius had higher pest abundances. Our results combined suggest that landscape scale changes in agricultural land use and increased spring temperatures both have contributed to the increased pest abundances observed 2008–2011 compared to 1935–1937. This study illustrates that a combination of approaches can compensate for the common situation when continuous long-term monitoring data is lacking, and improve our understanding of historic versus current insect pest abundances and the potential drivers of change.

Keywords

  • Agricultural Science
  • Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
  • Pest control
  • Protapion spp
  • Spintherus dubius
  • Triaspis spp
  • Trifolium pratense

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 0167-8809
Henrik Smith
E-mail: henrik [dot] smith [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Biodiversity

+46 46 222 93 79

+46 70 978 20 56

E-C313

50

Director

Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC)

+46 46 222 93 79

+46 70 978 20 56

C313

Sölvegatan 37, Lund

50

Centre for Animal Movement Research
Evolutionary Ecology, Department of Biology
Ecology building S-223 62 Lund Sweden