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Embedding Evidence on Conservation Interventions Within a Context of Multilevel Governance

  • Johan Ekroos
  • Julia Leventon
  • Joern Fischer
  • Jens Newig
  • Henrik G. Smith
Publishing year: 2017
Language: English
Pages: 139-145
Publication/Series: Conservation Letters
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

Abstract english

We outline a conceptual strategy for implementing conservation interventions
in a multiscale, multiactor, and multilevel governance world. Using farmland
as an example, we argue that conservation interventions should be implemented
within a multiscale framework of guiding ecological principles. In
this context, findings from multilevel governance research can inform a nuanced
understanding of the role of evidence in conservation governance and
decision-making. We propose that principles of evidence-based conservation
can be used to refine guiding ecological principles across scales, thereby creating
a comprehensive evidence base that underpins decision-making. This
evolving evidence base, in turn, should be operationalized by considering the
fit of ecologically relevant scales to governance levels, paying explicit attention
to issues such as democratic legitimacy and interplay with existing governance
structures. We outline two specific steps for meeting this challenge. Drawing
on a strategic combination of conservation interventions, guiding ecological
principles, and insights from multilevel governance research promises to improve
both the effectiveness and legitimacy of conservation action.


  • Ecology
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Biodiversity conservation
  • ecology
  • environmental decision-making
  • evidence-informed conservation
  • general principles
  • science-policy interface


  • ISSN: 1755-263X
Henrik Smith
E-mail: henrik [dot] smith [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se



+46 46 222 93 79

+46 70 978 20 56




Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC)

+46 46 222 93 79

+46 70 978 20 56


Sölvegatan 37, Lund


Centre for Animal Movement Research
Evolutionary Ecology, Department of Biology
Ecology building S-223 62 Lund Sweden