Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
You are here

Divergent composition but similar function of soil food webs of individual plants: plant species and community effects

  • T. M. Bezemer
  • M. T. Fountain
  • J. M. Barea
  • S. Christensen
  • S. C. Dekker
  • H. Duyts
  • R. van Hal
  • J. A. Harvey
  • Katarina Hedlund
  • M. Maraun
  • J. Mikola
  • A. G. Mladenov
  • C. Robin
  • P. C. de Ruiter
  • S. Scheu
  • H. Setala
  • P. Smilauer
  • W. H. van der Putten
Publishing year: 2010
Language: English
Pages: 3027-3036
Publication/Series: Ecology
Volume: 91
Issue: 10
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Ecological Society of America

Abstract english

Soils are extremely rich in biodiversity, and soil organisms play pivotal roles in supporting terrestrial life, but the role that individual plants and plant communities play in influencing the diversity and functioning of soil food webs remains highly debated. Plants, as primary producers and providers of resources to the soil food web, are of vital importance for the composition, structure, and functioning of soil communities. However, whether natural soil food webs that are completely open to immigration and emigration differ underneath individual plants remains unknown. In a biodiversity restoration experiment we first compared the soil nematode communities of 228 individual plants belonging to eight herbaceous species. We included grass, leguminous, and non-leguminous species. Each individual plant grew intermingled with other species, but all plant species had a different nematode community. Moreover, nematode communities were more similar when plant individuals were growing in the same as compared to different plant communities, and these effects were most apparent for the groups of bacterivorous, carnivorous, and omnivorous nematodes. Subsequently, we analyzed the composition, structure, and functioning of the complete soil food webs of 58 individual plants, belonging to two of the plant species, Lotus corniculatus (Fabaceae) and Plantago lanceolata (Plantaginaceae). We isolated and identified more than 150 taxa/groups of soil organisms. The soil community composition and structure of the entire food webs were influenced both by the species identity of the plant individual and the surrounding plant community. Unexpectedly, plant identity had the strongest effects on decomposing soil organisms, widely believed to be generalist feeders. In contrast, quantitative food web modeling showed that the composition of the plant community influenced nitrogen mineralization under individual plants, but that plant species identity did not affect nitrogen or carbon mineralization or food web stability. Hence, the composition and structure of entire soil food webs vary at the scale of individual plants and are strongly influenced by the species identity of the plant. However, the ecosystem functions these food webs provide are determined by the identity of the entire plant community.


  • Ecology
  • Plantago
  • microfauna
  • ecosystem function
  • biodiversity
  • food web composition
  • food web model
  • Lotus corniculatus
  • mesofauna
  • macrofauna
  • lanceolata
  • soil biota


  • BECC
  • Soil Ecology
  • ISSN: 0012-9658
Katarina Hedlund
E-mail: katarina [dot] hedlund [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se



+46 46 222 37 98

+46 72 562 10 04




Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC)

+46 46 222 37 98


Centre for Animal Movement Research
Evolutionary Ecology, Department of Biology
Ecology building S-223 62 Lund Sweden