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Soil food web properties explain ecosystem services across European land use systems

Author:
  • Franciska T. de Vries
  • Elisa Thebault
  • Mira Liiri
  • Klaus Birkhofer
  • Maria A. Tsiafouli
  • Lisa Bjornlund
  • Helene Bracht Jörgensen
  • Mark Vincent Brady
  • Soren Christensen
  • Peter C. de Ruiter
  • Tina D'Hertefeldt
  • Jan Frouz
  • Katarina Hedlund
  • Lia Hemerik
  • W. H. Gera Hol
  • Stefan Hotes
  • Simon R. Mortimer
  • Heikki Setala
  • Stefanos P. Sgardelis
  • Karoline Uteseny
  • Wim H. van der Putten
  • Volkmar Wolters
  • Richard D. Bardgett
Publishing year: 2013
Language: English
Pages: 14296-14301
Publication/Series: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume: 110
Issue: 35
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: National Acad Sciences

Abstract english

Intensive land use reduces the diversity and abundance of many soil biota, with consequences for the processes that they govern and the ecosystem services that these processes underpin. Relationships between soil biota and ecosystem processes have mostly been found in laboratory experiments and rarely are found in the field. Here, we quantified, across four countries of contrasting climatic and soil conditions in Europe, how differences in soil food web composition resulting from land use systems (intensive wheat rotation, extensive rotation, and permanent grassland) influence the functioning of soils and the ecosystem services that they deliver. Intensive wheat rotation consistently reduced the biomass of all components of the soil food web across all countries. Soil food web properties strongly and consistently predicted processes of C and N cycling across land use systems and geographic locations, and they were a better predictor of these processes than land use. Processes of carbon loss increased with soil food web properties that correlated with soil C content, such as earthworm biomass and fungal/bacterial energy channel ratio, and were greatest in permanent grassland. In contrast, processes of N cycling were explained by soil food web properties independent of land use, such as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and bacterial channel biomass. Our quantification of the contribution of soil organisms to processes of C and N cycling across land use systems and geographic locations shows that soil biota need to be included in C and N cycling models and highlights the need to map and conserve soil biodiversity across the world.

Keywords

  • Ecology
  • soil fauna
  • modeling
  • soil microbes
  • nitrogen

Other

Published
  • BECC
  • ISSN: 1091-6490
Katarina Hedlund
E-mail: katarina [dot] hedlund [at] biol [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Biodiversity

+46 46 222 37 98

+46 72 562 10 04

E-A321

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Researcher

Centre for Environmental and Climate Research (CEC)

+46 46 222 37 98

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Centre for Animal Movement Research
Evolutionary Ecology, Department of Biology
Ecology building S-223 62 Lund Sweden