Swedish Butterfly Monitoring Scheme, annual report for 2012
Publishing year: 2013
Document type: Report
Publisher: Department of Biology, Lund University
This is the third annual report of the Swedish Butterfly Monitoring Scheme, a national monitoring programme coordinated by Lund University for the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency since 2010. The programme is a partnership between the Entomological Society of Sweden, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Lund University, the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and the Swedish County Administration Boards. The monitoring scheme is volunteer-based and runs from April 1st to September 30th annually. Sites are visited 3-7 times per season and are surveyed using a standardized, common methodology. Two different recording methods are used in the Swedish Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. One is the point site counts which cover an area with a 25 m radius for 15 min per visit. The other method is fixed-route Pollard walk transects, typically 0.5-3 km in length. These two methods enable the monitoring scheme to assess yearly changes both in the number of butterflies seen and in species composition. The third year’s monitoring has produced butterfly data from 135 fixed-route walks and 203 point sites, representing a 38% increase in the number of transects and a 17% increase in the number of point sites. The sites and walks are located across the whole country, from Falsterbo in the South to Boden in the North. In 2012, 254 volunteer recorders participated in the Swedish Butterfly Monitoring Scheme and have counted 51600 butterflies of 96 different species. The number of volunteers has increased with 25% and the coverage of the Swedish fauna has increased by 4%. On average, 11.9 species have been observed at the point sites while 17.2 have been observed along transects. In this report, observations from 2012 of each species are shown as total counts, distribution maps, and flight period histograms. The most numerous species in 2012 was the Ringlet, followed by the Meadow Brown and the Green-veined White. Trends between 2010 and 2012 have been analysed for 85 butterfly and burnet moth species using the analytical tool TRIM. Summarizing indices, so called indicators, have been calculated for 1) the 20 most common species and 2) the 12 Swedish grassland butterflies that are part of the European Butterfly Indicator for Grassland species.
- ISBN: 978-91-7473-476-8